Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. This study aimed to analyze the findings of motor and fine of an 8 years old holder of Williams Syndrome. Data were collected biological child and mother during pregnancy and history of pre, peri and postnatal child and their clinical conditions. The development and fine motor function was assessed by Portage Guide. The results showed that children showed greater difficulty with fine motor skills in relation to gross skills, having difficulty in writing, to manipulate objects that need to make movement of pronation and supination and difficulty in of the pincer movement.
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Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. This study aimed to analyze the findings of motor and fine of an 8 years old holder of Williams Syndrome. Data were collected biological child and mother during pregnancy and history of pre, peri and postnatal child and their clinical conditions.
The development and fine motor function was assessed by Portage Guide. The results showed that children showed greater difficulty with fine motor skills in relation to gross skills, having difficulty in writing, to manipulate objects that need to make movement of pronation and supination and difficulty in of the pincer movement.
Introduction: The Temporomandibular Joint Disorders TMJ Disorders has very ample interpretation and describes a population of patients suffering from muscles dysfunctions and the muscles and toggles of jaw usually painful 1. Foi portanto com muito orgulho e com sentido de responsabilidade que aceitei ser editor-chefe desta revista. Dai que. Orofacial pain. Full Text Available In the primary care sector, diagnosis and initial management of orofacial pain are often performed by familydoctors and dentists.
Knowledge of the different types of orofacial pain and headache disorders is therefor of great importance. The International Classification of Headache Disorders ICHD-3 provides an overview of the different types of orofacial pain and will be discussed in this lecture. The main focus will be on trigeminal neuralgia and cluster headache and the current research in this field. Trigeminal Neuralgia TN is defined as a disorder characterized by recurrent, unilateral, brief, electricshock-like pains, abrupt in onset and termination, limited to the distribution of one or more divisions of thetrigeminal nerve and triggered by innocuous stimuli.
Unfortunately, most TN is idiopathic, and the aetiology isnot clear. Both are antiepileptics with well known interactions with other drugs and safety problems.
An overview of the currently available literature on the pharmaceutical management of TN patients is discussed. Cluster headache CH is one of the most painful primary headache disorders.
It is characterized by daily or almost daily attacks of unilateral excruciating periorbital pain associated with ipsilateral cranial autonomic symptoms, typically lasting between 15 and minutes if untreated.
Cluster headache is caused by the relaesement of neurotransmitters and vasodilators from the sphenopalatine ganglion SPH. The current treatments for CH attacks are injectable sumatriptan and oxygen inhalation. Both treatments have well known side effects and.
The information was collected by means of structured interviews. Socio-demographic information, prevalence, severity and localization of orofacial pain in the last semester as well as on absenteeism due to orofacial pain formed the questionnaire.
Identification data, work sector and shift were collected in the departments of human resources of the companies. The data were assessed using descriptive statistics and Pearson chi-squared tests between absenteeism and pain in the orofacial region. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of orofacial pain and its impact on the daily performance of workers in the textile industry in the municipality of Laguna, Brazil.
Socio-demographic data such as gender, age, level of schooling, income, job function and absenteeism due to orofacial pain was collected. Data were descriptively analyzed and the prevalence ratios, confidence. The aim of this paper was to identify the main oral and dental aspects of childhood abuse and dental neglect, contributing to the identification of these victims in a dental office.
The following key words were used: child abuse, oral manifestations, dentists; role; liability, legal. It was verified that violence against children happens in general at home and the resulting orofacial injuries encompass: injuries, burns and lacerations on soft and hard tissues, bite marks and gradually-healed wounds. It can have wounds in other parts of the body next to the oral cavity, such as periorbital wound and nasal.
Orofacial syndromes: A review. Full Text Available A syndrome is a set of signs and symptoms that tend to occur together and reflect the presence of a particular disease or an increased chance of developing to a particular disease. There are numerous orofacial syndromes and a thorough knowledge of their manifestations and implications is pertinent in good oral health care delivery. The aim of this review is to describe collective esoteric knowledge, about various malformations and syndromes associated with orofacial region.
Orofacial esthetics and dental anxiety: associations with oral and psychological health. Severe dental anxiety DA is associated with both oral health and psychosocial consequences in what has been described as a vicious circle of DA. The aim of this study was to investigate self-rated orofacial esthetics in patients with DA and its relationship to psychological and oral health.
A consecutive sample of adult patients who were referred or self-referred to a specialized dental anxiety clinic filled out the Orofacial Esthetic Scale OES as well as measurements on DA , self-rated oral health and general anxiety and depression. Clinical measures of dental status were also obtained.
Compared with the general population, patients with DA had lower ratings of satisfaction on all aspects of their orofacial esthetics, which included the teeth, gingiva, mouth and face, as well as a global orofacial assessment. Furthermore, the perception of the orofacial appearance was related both to dental status and self-rated oral health, as well as to general anxiety and depression.
The level of dissatisfaction with the orofacial appearance was similar for both genders, but women reported more regular dental care and better dental status. The results of this study clearly show less satisfaction with dental and facial appearance in patients with DA , and that the self-rating of orofacial esthetics is related to both oral and psychological health.
Cancer and orofacial pain. Cancer pain is a devastating condition. Pain in the orofacial region, may be present as the single symptom of cancer or as a symptom of cancer in its later stages. We have reviewed pubmed-medline from the most relevant literature including reviews, systematic reviews and clinical cases, the significant and evidence-based mechanisms and mediators of cancer-associated facial pain, the diverse types of cancers that can be present in the craniofacial region locally or from distant sites that can refer to the orofacial region, cancer therapy that may induce pain in the orofacial region as well as discussed some of the new advancements in cancer pain therapy.
There is still a lack of understanding of cancer pain pathophysiology since depends of the intrinsic heterogeneity, type and anatomic location that the cancer may present, making more challenging the creation of better therapeutic options. Orofacial pain can arise from regional or distant tumor effects or as a consequence of cancer therapy. The clinician needs to be aware that the pain may present the characteristics of any other orofacial pain disorder so a careful differential diagnosis needs to be given.
Cancer pain diagnosis is made by exclusion and only can be reached after a thorough medical history, and all the common etiologies have been carefully investigated and ruled out.
The current management tools are not optimal but there is hope for new, safer and effective therapies coming in the next years. Por otra parte, se plantea la influencia de la motricidad en la lectoescr Full Text Available Background. Chronic unexplained orofacial pain is frequently the cause of prolonged suffering for the patient and an unsolvable problem for the therapist.
Pathophysiology of the onset of this type of pain is virtually unknown. Still, it is possible to divide chronic orofacial pain into several separate categories, according to its onset, symptoms and therapy. All forms of this type of pain have a strong psychological component. The modalities of treatment then and at present were compared. Except for trigeminal neuralgia, where carbamazepine remains the first choice drug, treatment of chronic facial pain has changed considerably. Patients with juvenile idiopathic.
Care seeking for orofacial pain. AIMS: To determine the contribution of a wide range of factors to care-seeking behavior in orofacial pain patients, expressed as A decision to seek care and B number of health care practitioners visited. The diagnosis and treatment of orofacial pain can be complex. The differential diagnosis is very extensive. Therefore, multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment are often indicated.
The diagnosis of chronic pain also entails the investigation of psychological factors. This is because psychological problems can play a role in the chronification of pain, but they can also be a consequence of chronic pain. Treatment options should be discussed, taking into account literature concerning their effectiveness. The general conclusion is that much research remains to be done into the causes of, and treatments for, orofacial pain.
Participaram da pesquisa 39 idosos com idade entre 60 e 79 anos. The mechanism of assessment used was the Array of Motor.
Las variables dependientes estudiadas fueron la edad motriz y el nivel cognitivo-motor, y la independiente el propio Programa de Actividad Motriz Adaptada. Los resultados obtenidos fueron significativos en favor de un incremento de los aspectos motores y cognitivomotrices de todos los sujetos. Lo que nos permite concluir la importancia que tiene la Motricidad para este alumnado con necesidades educativas especiales permanentes.
So, in this article a research based on motor activity is. Hypertelorism and orofacial clefting revisited. Objective: Since the s, multiple studies have reported a tendency toward hypertelorism in individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial clefts OFCs. However, the association between specific cleft types and increased interorbital distance has been inconsistent. Using threedimensional 3D surface Orofacial pain management: current perspectives. Orofacial pain OFP can arise from different regions and etiologies.
Temporomandibular disorders TMD are the most prevalent orofacial pain conditions for which patients seek treatment. Temporomandibular disorders include a number of clinical problems that involve the masticatory musculature, the temporomandibular joint TMJ or both.
Neurovascular disorders, such as primary headaches, can present as chronic orofacial pain, such as in the case of facial migraine, where the pain is localized in the second and third division of the trigeminal nerve. Together, these disorders of the trigeminal system impact the quality of life of the sufferer dramatically.
A multidisciplinary pain management approach should be considered for the optimal treatment of orofacial pain disorders including both non-pharmacological and pharmacological modalities. Keywords: pain, orofacial , neuropathic, TMD, trigeminal, headache. Some of the most prevalent and debilitating pain conditions arise from the structures innervated by the trigeminal system head, face, masticatory musculature, temporomandibular joint and associated structures.
Evaluation of the drive. However, orofacial pain such as myofascial pain syndrome, burning mouth syndrome and trigeminal neuralgia plays no part in body defense mechanisms and requires therapeutic intervention. Recent studies have indicated that plastic changes in the activities of trigeminal neurons, satellite glial cells in trigeminal ganglion, secondary neurons, microglia and astrocytes in trigeminal spinal subnucleus following orofacial inflammation and trigeminal nerve injury are responsible for orofacial pain mechanisms.
Clinically, it is well known that the etiologic differential diagnosis which consists of careful history-taking and physical examination is essential for therapeutic decision in patients with orofacial pain. This report outlines the current knowledge on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment of orofacial pain. Orofacial Pain and Mastication in Dementia.
Orofacial pain is a common condition in the general population.
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Apraxia is a motor disorder caused by damage to the brain specifically the posterior parietal cortex in which the individual has difficulty with the motor planning to perform tasks or movements when asked, provided that the request or command is understood and the individual is willing to perform the task. The nature of the brain damage determines the severity, and the absence of sensory loss or paralysis helps to explain the level of difficulty. Symptoms are usually noticed in the early stages of life as the child develops. Apraxia that results from a brain injury or a neurodegenerative illness is known as acquired apraxia.