ASTM F1292 PDF

Abstract: Protecting children from injuries caused by fall accidents from playground equipment is important. Therefore, measures toward minimizing the risk of fall accident injuries are required. In this test, G-max and the HIC are used to estimate the risk of injury. However, the measurement procedure is too complicated for application to a large number of installed equipment. F requires simplified by reducing the number of phases, even with a small risk of loss in accuracy. With this in mind, this study proposes a shortened measurement procedure and a transformation equation to estimate the risk as same as F

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Playground surfaces and equipment are the subject of a number of ASTM standards which are listed here and summarized briefly for reference. The U. ASTM standards for playgrounds and playground equipment specify performance criteria, test methods and safety considerations. Equipment and fencing along with the playground surfaces contribute to the safety and accessibility of playgrounds. Public playgrounds and home playgrounds represent different issues, so some ASTM standards address them separately.

Another distinction is made based on the different age limits that reflect the physical and mental abilities of the children. These standards in general are intended to reduce the likelihood of life-threatening or debilitating injuries. This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures, climbing structures, to-fro swings, spring rocking equipment, and slides.

It is intended to apply to play equipment that is used in places of public assembly, including early care and education facilities, parks, or playgrounds. Public use play areas for children in this age range include both indoor classroom settings and outdoor playgrounds.

Where appropriate, distinctions will be made between indoor and outdoor settings where there is supervision for example, a play area that is part of an early care and education facility , and settings with unlimited access for example, public playgrounds and parks.

The range of users encompassed by this consumer safety performance specification is the 5th percentile 6 month old through the 95th percentile 23 month old. The purpose of this specification is to reduce the potential for life threatening and debilitating injuries. Accessory toys attached to play equipment must meet all relevant standards including this consumer safety performance specification.

This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance standards for various types of public playground equipment. Its purpose is to reduce life-threatening and debilitating injuries. The range of users encompassed by this consumer safety performance specification is the 5th percentile 2-year-old through the 95th percentile year-old. Home playground equipment, toys, amusement rides, sports equipment, fitness equipment intended for users over the age of 12, public use play equipment for children 6 to 24 months, and soft contained play equipment are not included in this specification.

Products or materials site furnishings that are installed outside the equipment use zone, such as benches, tables, independent shade structures, and borders used to contain protective surfacing, are not considered playground equipment and are not included in this specification. This specification does not address accessibility, except as it pertains to safety issues not covered in the DOJ Standard for Accessible Design.

This consumer safety specification provides safety requirements for various types of home playground equipment intended for use by children aged from over eighteen months through 10 years. It further provides such requirements for swings intended specifically for toddlers. Different age limits for various requirements are found in this specification.

These limits reflect the nature of the hazards and the expected mental or physical ability, or both, of the child to cope with the hazards. Home playground equipment is defined as any product in which the support structure remains stationary while the activity is taking place and is intended for a child to perform any of the following activities: climbing, swinging, sliding, rocking, spinning, crawling, or creeping, or combination thereof. Methods of identifying products that comply with this consumer safety specification are given.

Fitness equipment is specifically excluded unless attached to the play equipment. This specification is not intended to apply to equipment to be used in places of public assembly such as schools, nurseries, day-care centers, and parks. Equipment intended to be in child-care centers in private homes is not exempt from the requirements of this specification.

Electrically operated constant air inflatable devices are exempted from the requirements of this specification. This specification establishes minimum characteristics for those factors that determine particle size, consistency, purity, and ability to drain. Engineered wood fiber that meets the requirements of this specification must comply with Specification F, if the surface is in the use zone as defined in Specification F A sample of wood fiber that meets the requirements of this specification may be designated engineered wood fiber and be suitable for playground safety surfacing.

This specification does not imply that an injury cannot be incurred if the engineered wood fiber complies with this specification. This guide covers information with regard to the design, manufacture, installation, and maintenance of poured-in-place playground surfaces. Note 1—This document is a guide and not intended to be used as a specification; it should be used for educational purposes. This guide outlines the issues of compliance with existing standards, durability, and functional longevity.

This guide reviews issues such as edge treatment, abutting surfaces, and combinations with other surfaces designed for circulation or protective surfaces. This guide outlines aging considerations such as loss of impact absorption, cracking, shrinkage, heaving, and how to prevent, accommodate, or rectify those issues.

This specification establishes test methods and performance requirements for particle size distribution, extractable hazardous metal content, total lead content, tramp metal content, and sharp tramp metal content for loose-fill rubber that is intended to be used as a playground surface. This specification does not contain test methods or performance requirements for the accessibility of loose-fill rubber playground surfacing.

The specification also does not establish test methods or performance requirements to characterize the release of organic chemicals from loose-fill rubber intended to be used as a playground surface. Appendix X1 and Appendix X2 contain additional information on these topics. If loose-fill rubber which meets the requirements of this standard is to be installed in the use zone of playground equipment, it must also comply with Specification F This guide covers standards for selecting and specifying surface systems under and around playground equipment.

This guide describes how to apply existing ASTM standards to evaluate the impact attenuation, accessibility characteristics and product characteristics when selecting surfacing systems for use under and around playground equipment.

This specification establishes minimum performance requirements for the impact attenuation of playground surfacing materials installed within the use zone of playground equipment. This specification is specific to surfacing used in conjunction with playground equipment, such as that described in Specifications F, F, F, F, and F This specification establishes an impact attenuation performance criterion for playground surfacing materials; expressed as a critical fall height.

This specification establishes procedures for determining the critical fall height of playground surfacing materials under laboratory conditions. The laboratory test is mandatory for surfaces to conform to the requirements of this specification. The laboratory test required by this specification addresses the performance of dry surfacing materials.

The critical fall height of a playground surfacing material determined under laboratory conditions does not account for important factors that have the potential to influence the actual performance of installed surfacing materials.

Factors that are known to affect surfacing material performance include but are not limited to aging, moisture, maintenance, exposure to temperature extremes for example, freezing , exposure to ultraviolet light, contamination with other materials, compaction, loss of thickness, shrinkage, submersion in water, and so forth.

This specification also establishes a procedure for testing installed playground surfaces in order to determine whether an installed playground surface meets the specified performance criterion.

The results of a field test determine conformance of installed playground surfacing materials with the criterion of this specification and are specific to the ambient conditions under which the test was performed. The impact attenuation specification and test methods established in this specification are specific to the risk of head injury. There is only limited evidence that conformance with the requirements of this specification reduces the risk of other kinds of serious injury for example, long bone fractures.

Note 1—The relative risk of fatality and of different degrees of head injury may be estimated using the information in Appendix X1, which shows the relationships between the Head Injury Criterion HIC scores of an impact and the probability of head injury.

This specification establishes minimum characteristics for those factors that determine accessibility. This specification applies to all types of materials that can be used under and around playground equipment. The material under and around playground equipment that meets this specification must also comply with Specification F if the surface is within the fall zone.

This specification excludes individual single family residential use play equipment locations. Interior fences located in a play area that has a perimeter fence established shall only have to comply with the latch height requirement indicated in 7. This specification has the intent to also keep children inside a predetermined area in an effort to enhance supervision; to keep children from running out of the area into water and other hazards; to minimize the likelihood of facial lacerations on low gate and fence hardware; to minimize the likelihood of abduction; and to restrict access to railroads, highways, roads, and other such hazards.

This specification does not choose the product components for the fence system, the choice of which should be made by the operators of the play space and their specification writers or drafters based upon their determination of the merits of the products that could be used. This safety performance specification provides safety and performance standards for soft contained play equipment. Its purpose is to reduce the potential for life-threatening and debilitating injuries.

The range of users encompassed by this safety performance specification is the 5th percentile 2 year old to the 95th percentile 12 year old. Public playground equipment, home playground equipment, sports equipment, amusement rides, fitness equipment not part of the play system, water-related attractions and devices, and toys and juvenile products are not included in this specification.

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Skip to content Playground surfaces and equipment are the subject of a number of ASTM standards which are listed here and summarized briefly for reference. This guide presents warranty considerations. ASTM F Standard Specification for Loose-Fill Rubber for Use as a Playground Safety Surface under and around Playground Equipment Loose-Fill Rubber for Use as a Playground Safety Surface This specification establishes test methods and performance requirements for particle size distribution, extractable hazardous metal content, total lead content, tramp metal content, and sharp tramp metal content for loose-fill rubber that is intended to be used as a playground surface.

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ASTM F1292

Active view current version of standard. Other Historical Standards. Work Item s - proposed revisions of this standard. More F The laboratory test is mandatory for surfaces to conform to the requirements of this specification. Factors that are known to affect surfacing material performance include but are not limited to aging, moisture, maintenance, exposure to temperature extremes for example, freezing , exposure to ultraviolet light, contamination with other materials, compaction, loss of thickness, shrinkage, submersion in water, and so forth. There is only limited evidence that conformance with the requirements of this specification reduces the risk of other kinds of serious injury for example, long bone fractures.

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Evaluating Playground Surfacing System for Compliance with Performance Standards

Historical Version s - view previous versions of standard. Work Item s - proposed revisions of this standard. More F G-max is the measure of the maximum acceleration shock produced by an impact.

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ASTM Playground Standards

Playground surfaces and equipment are the subject of a number of ASTM standards which are listed here and summarized briefly for reference. The U. ASTM standards for playgrounds and playground equipment specify performance criteria, test methods and safety considerations. Equipment and fencing along with the playground surfaces contribute to the safety and accessibility of playgrounds. Public playgrounds and home playgrounds represent different issues, so some ASTM standards address them separately. Another distinction is made based on the different age limits that reflect the physical and mental abilities of the children. These standards in general are intended to reduce the likelihood of life-threatening or debilitating injuries.

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