BOUDDHISME THERAVADA PDF

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Contact Index. Ce qui n'implique en rien qu'elle se veuille exhaustive. The actual date of the Buddha's birth is unknown. To calculate the CE date corresponding to an event in the Buddhist traditional calendar, subtract years from the BE date.

The BE dates of well-documented historical events particularly those in the twentieth century may be off by one year, since the CE and BE calendars start their years on different months January and May, respectively.

Events of the last few decades are still much too fresh in our collective experience to argue intelligently for or against their historical significance. Bouddhisme Theravada. Pour libre distribution. Conversion du roi Devanampiya Tissa du Sri Lanka. Mahinda compile les premiers commentaires du Tipitaka, en langue Sinhala. Buddhaghosa collates the various Sinhala commentaries on the Canon — drawing primarily on the Maha Atthakatha Great Commentary preserved at the Mahavihara — and translates them into Pali.

This makes Sinhala Buddhist scholarship available for the first time to the entire Theravadan world and marks the beginning of what will become, in the centuries to follow, a vast body of post-canonical Pali literature. Buddhaghosa also composes his encyclopedic, though controversial, meditation manual Visuddhimagga The Path of Purification.

Buddhadatta and Dhammapala write additional commentaries and sub-commentaries. Dhammapala composes commentaries on parts of the Canon missed by Buddhaghosa such as the Udana , Itivuttaka , Theragatha , and Therigatha , along with extensive sub-commentaries on Buddhaghosa's work. With the guidance of two monks from a forest branch of the Mahavihara sect — Vens. A forest-based Sri Lankan ordination line arrives in Burma and Thailand.

Theravada spreads to Laos. Thai Theravada monasteries first appear in Cambodia shortly before the Thais win their independence from the Khmers. A new ordination line is also imported into Burma. This is the origin of the Siyam Nikaya. Mohottivatte Gunananda defeats Christian missionaries in a public debate, sparking a nationwide revival of Sri Lankan pride in its Buddhist traditions. Rhys Davids; most of the Tipitaka is published in roman script and, over the next years, in English translation.

Ajaan Mun and Ven. Ajaan Sao revive the forest meditation tradition in Thailand. Sangha government, which up to that time had been in the hands of a lay official appointed by the king, is handed over to the bhikkhus themselves. Taungpulu Sayadaw and Dr. Ajaan Sumedho student of Ven. Ajaan Chah.

Ajaans Amaro and Pasanno. Buddhism meets cyberspace: online Buddhist information networks emerge; several editions of the Pali Tipitaka become available online. Notes 1. Bouddhisme Theravada Chronologie.

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Bouddhisme (Theravada) : les fêtes religieuses

It originated in ancient India as a Sramana tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia. Most Buddhist traditions share the goal of overcoming suffering and the cycle of death and rebirth , either by the attainment of Nirvana or through the path of Buddhahood. Vajrayana , a body of teachings attributed to Indian adepts , may be viewed as a separate branch or as an aspect of Mahayana Buddhism. Buddhism is an Indian religion [14] founded on the teachings of a mendicant and spiritual teacher called "the Buddha" "the Awakened One", c. The details of Buddha's life are mentioned in many Early Buddhist Texts but are inconsistent, and his social background and life details are difficult to prove, the precise dates are uncertain. The evidence of the early texts suggests that Siddharta Gautama was born in Lumbini and grew up in Kapilavastu , [note 2] a town in the Ganges Plain , near the modern Nepal—India border, and that he spent his life in what is now modern Bihar [note 3] and Uttar Pradesh. Finding these teachings to be insufficient to attain his goal, he turned to the practice of severe asceticism , which included a strict fasting regime and various forms of breath control.

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