DOES THE CHIMPANZEE HAVE A THEORY OF MIND PREMACK PDF

A landmark paper in the philosophy and science of animal minds. David Premack and Guy Woodruff describe a series of innovative experiments with an adult chimpanzee, Sarah, whom the authors conclude can attribute mental states to her trainers. It is amongst the most anthologized papers in the wide variety of disciplines that constitute contemporary animal studies. In the article, a single adult chimpanzee named Sarah is the subject of a series of experiments designed to assess her ability to attribute mental states such as goals, intentions, knowledge, and ignorance to humans. This general ability is indicative of a theory of mind or mindreading — a capacity long thought to be unique to our species.

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A landmark paper in the philosophy and science of animal minds. David Premack and Guy Woodruff describe a series of innovative experiments with an adult chimpanzee, Sarah, whom the authors conclude can attribute mental states to her trainers. It is amongst the most anthologized papers in the wide variety of disciplines that constitute contemporary animal studies.

In the article, a single adult chimpanzee named Sarah is the subject of a series of experiments designed to assess her ability to attribute mental states such as goals, intentions, knowledge, and ignorance to humans. This general ability is indicative of a theory of mind or mindreading — a capacity long thought to be unique to our species. Premack and Woodruff concluded that Sarah did, in fact, possess a theory of mind.

Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Contents Search. Does the Chimpanzee Have Theory of Mind? Living reference work entry First Online: 02 November How to cite. Definition A landmark paper in the philosophy and science of animal minds. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bennett, J. Some remarks about concepts. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 4 , — CrossRef Google Scholar. Butterfill, S. How to construct a minimal theory of mind. Mind and Language, 28 2 , — Call, J. Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12 , — Dennett, D. Beliefs about beliefs. Hare, B. Do chimpanzees know what conspecifics know? Animal Behavior, 61 , — Harman, G. Krachun, K. A new change-of-contents false belief test: Children and chimpanzees compared.

International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 23 , — Google Scholar. Premack, D. Whitten Eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Human and animal cognition: Continuity and discontinuity.

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Does the Chimpanzee Have a Theory of Mind? 30 Years Later

He was educated at the University of Minnesota when logical positivism was in full bloom. The departments of Psychology and Philosophy were closely allied. His first two chimpanzee subjects, Sarah and Gussie, started at the University of Missouri and traveled with him to the University of California, Santa Barbara, and then to the University of Pennsylvania, where he had nine chimpanzee subjects. Premack's first publication was a new theory of reinforcement which became known as Premack's principle. It argued that the more probable response in any pair of responses could reinforce the less probable response—demonstrating that reinforcement is a relative, not an absolute property. Premack introduced the concept of Theory of Mind , with Guy Woodruff, in an article published in For example, hundreds of articles have been published on theory of mind in fields ranging from comparative psychology studies of cognitive capacities of animals [9] [10] to human developmental psychology studies of infant cognition [11] to social neuroscience studies of the brain substrates that mediate simulations of mental processes in other individuals.

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Does the Chimpanzee Have Theory of Mind?

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