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This simple question would alarm a lot people. But not Jacques Attali. Before launching the Estates General of the World , he agreed to meet the Global Journal at the premises of his PlanetGroup , which includes prominent agencies such as Planet Rating. He is active in microfinance, development and he is prepared to browbeat current political leaders, and, no doubt, offer shrewd advice to a future world government President.
Jacques Attali is a visionary. In your book you put forward ten concrete proposals, based on multiple examples from history, to offer to a future world government. Without wishing to anticipate the respective importance of these proposals, what is the trigger that will galvanise the citizens?
Jean Monnet, founding father of Europe, dreamed of unifying Europe through culture, but in fact he did it through energy. I think that if Jean Monnet launched Europe around energy, it was because he was concerned about the lack of energy, and especially worried about the use of energy for war. And I think that the fight against violence is still, today, the principle driving force, both for Europe and utopian ideals all over the world. In , nobody thought of a world war.
Among your concrete proposals, which one could sway public opinion and motivate political world leaders? There are several that could attract public opinion. Unfortunately the risk of war is not believable for many people, but there are other threats which people wish to control by law. I am thinking of the environment, which seems to be the most credible threat. I am also thinking of economic crime, which is gathering momentum, and which we have to get under better control.
Of course, fear is reappearing everywhere. For instance, we thought the ecomonic crisis was over but here it is again, right in our faces. Do you think that a direct link between the citizens and the entities which will constitute a future global government would accelerate the process of global governance? Would a combined tax enable citizens to understand that, together, they can succeed in influencing the course of events? As soon as there is a communal fund, you have to agree how to spend it.
A kitty creates conditions. There are others, such as the carbon tax and the tax on financial transactions, which is starting to prosper. This will probably be applied in Europe, even if there are lots of loopholes. I would favor a tobacco tax, for example. In your book, you refer to the conspiracy of between Uri, Schwyz and Unterwald.
Why does this pact seem significant today? Yes, as you correctly say, it was a pact which remained secret for a certain time. That is very revealing. It was set up to defend them against the empire, and I think it says a lot about what could happen nowadays. These days, the real problem is to generate this sense of union and mutual understanding.
For me, the real threat we should unite against is economic crime, which is really on the increase. Have you already had reactions to the publication of this book from the world of politics? Bearing in mind that France is the current president of the G20? Yes, initially I had a lot of discussions with political figures, but politicians are convinced that anything global diminishes their power. So, logically, politicians bristling in defense of their territory of national rights, encourages the black market.
Several years ago I was struck by your book on the banker Warburg, a financial genius much needed at that time. Can you identify any leaders today who incarnate this genius? Pascal, who, by the way, is in Geneva, thinks at a technocratic level as intrepidly as his circumstances allow.
Obviously his daring is limited by the job. He thinks about the major issues, the big stakes of global governance. I can think of several other people, but not that many. As far as function goes, I would certainly include Obama.
I agree. This meeting in Sanya resulted in a communal declaration which marks a turning point, because the five countries took a stance on global governance, on the organization of the UN, on Libya….. Do you think that the G20 vintage could accelerate the arrival of global governance? It only refers problems to governments. And if we find ourselves in a tsunami of debt soon, it will mainly be because of that.
This wave of debt, originating in the US, is about to ravage Europe, principally because the G20, instead of sorting out the problems at the heart of the banking system, has only passed the buck to the member States. Incidentally, I think that this debt crisis will end with numerous bank nationalizations. There are many blithe spirits, notably in the US, who say that the American debt, like other developed country debts, protects them inversely. Ah yes, of course. Absolutely nobody.
No, why do you say that? On the contrary, I would say that they include some remarkable, admirable people, who do a very good job. To come back to Pascal Lamy briefly, he is someone who is passionate about this idea of global governance.
He has expressed himself many times on the subject, with intelligence and clear-sightedness, but from his recent declarations one senses that he is returning to the notion of plebiscite. Firstly it is obvious that a vote in each country can lead to the overall victory of a totalitarian government. In some countries this could happen: you can see it in Finland, Hungary, Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland. There are real threats, so obviously we have to start from there. But on the other hand, global rule would certainly seem like a dangerous extra layer of power, if it was not desired by the people.
This is why I have proposed to start a global forum named the Estates General for the planet. These messages could gain momentum, and gradually bring to the surface at a global level the principle themes on which world citizens want to express themselves. As an old and trusted political advisor to President Mitterrand, do you have any advice for Ban Ki-moon, the UN General Secretary, as he prepares for reelection?
If he would make a speech demanding the merging of the G20 and Security Council he would not jeopardize his election, he would gain a lot of support and we would finally have a clear vision.
Because the Security Council and the G20 are different structures, the G20 being informal and unable to take action, if the two were combined at least it would give the advantage of transparency. Naturally that raises the question of membership. In my view, the G20 members would be the sensible choice for membership of the Security Council.
Error: No connected account. Please go to the Instagram Feed settings page to connect an account. By Jean-Christophe Nothias This simple question would alarm a lot people. Is the urgency of the environmental issue returning to public awareness? You have a fairly tough attitude towards international organizations.
This simple question would alarm a lot people. But not Jacques Attali. Before launching the Estates General of the World , he agreed to meet the Global Journal at the premises of his PlanetGroup , which includes prominent agencies such as Planet Rating. He is active in microfinance, development and he is prepared to browbeat current political leaders, and, no doubt, offer shrewd advice to a future world government President. Jacques Attali is a visionary. In your book you put forward ten concrete proposals, based on multiple examples from history, to offer to a future world government. Without wishing to anticipate the respective importance of these proposals, what is the trigger that will galvanise the citizens?
Tomorrow, Who Will Govern the World
In , he led the government committee on how to ignite the growth of the French economy, under President Nicolas Sarkozy. In , Foreign Policy recognized him as one of the top "global thinkers" in the world. His father, Simon Attali, is a self-educated person who achieved success in perfumery "Bib et Bab" shop in Algiers. On 11 February , his mother gave birth to his sister, Fabienne.
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