MAHASATIPATTHANA SUTTA PDF

This version of the text might be out of date. Please click here for more information. The word "satipatthana" is the name for an approach to meditation aimed at establishing sati, or mindfulness. The term sati is related to the verb sarati, to remember or to keep in mind. It is sometimes translated as non-reactive awareness, free from agendas, simply present with whatever arises, but the formula for satipatthana doesn't support that translation.

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There, he addressed the bhikkhus:. Which four? Being thus sato he breathes in, being thus sato he breathes out. Furthermore, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu, while walking, understands: 'I am walking', or while standing he understands: 'I am standing', or while sitting he understands: 'I am sitting', or while lying down he understands: 'I am lying down'.

Just as if, bhikkhus, there was a bag having two openings and filled with various kinds of grain, such as hill-paddy, paddy, mung beans, cow-peas, sesame seeds and husked rice.

And furthermore, bhikkhus, how does a bhikkhu dwell observing citta in citta? Thus he dwells observing citta in citta internally, or he dwells observing citta in citta externally, or he dwells observing citta in citta internally and externally; he dwells observing the samudaya of phenomena in citta , or he dwells observing the passing away of phenomena in citta , or he dwells observing the samudaya and passing away of phenomena in citta; or else, [realizing:] "this is citta!

Thus, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu dwells observing citta in citta. And furthermore, bhikkhus, how does a bhikkhu dwell observing dhammas in dhammas? Here, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu, there being uddhacca-kukkucca present within, understands: "there is uddhacca-kukkucca within me"; there not being uddhacca-kukkucca present within, he understands: "there is no uddhacca-kukkucca within me"; he understands how the unarisen uddhacca-kukkucca comes to arise; he understands how the arisen uddhacca-kukkucca is abandoned; and he understands how the abandoned uddhacca-kukkucca does not come to arise in the future.

Thus he dwells observing dhammas in dhammas internally, or he dwells observing dhammas in dhammas externally, or he dwells observing dhammas in dhammas internally and externally; he dwells observing the samudaya of phenomena in dhammas , or he dwells observing the passing away of phenomena in dhammas , or he dwells observing the samudaya and passing away of phenomena in dhammas; or else, [realizing:] "these are dhammas!

And furthermore, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu dwells observing dhammas in dhammas with reference to the five khandhas.

And furthermore, bhikkhus, how does a bhikkhu dwell observing dhammas in dhammas with reference to the five khandhas? Thus, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu dwells observing dhammas in dhammas , with reference to the five khandhas.

And what, bhikkhus, is the dukkha ariyasacca? Katamo ca , bhikkhave , soko? And what, bhikkhus, is sorrow? In one, bhikkhus, associated with various kinds of misfortune, touched by various kinds of dukkha dhammas , the sorrrow, the mourning, the state of grief, the inner sorrow, the inner great sorrow: this, bhikkhus, is called sorrow.

Katamo ca , bhikkhave , paridevo? And what, bhikkhus, is lamentation? In one, bhikkhus, associated with various kinds of misfortune, touched by various kinds of dukkha dhammas , the cries, the lamentations, the weeping, the wailing, the state of crying, the state of lamentating: this, bhikkhus, is called lamentation.

And what, bhikkhus, is dukkha? Whatever, bhikkhus, bodily dukkha , bodily unpleasantness, dukkha engendered by bodily contact, unpleasant vedayitas: this, bhikkhus, is called dukkha.

And what, bhikkhus, is domanassa? Whatever, bhikkhus, mental dukkha , mental unpleasantness, dukkha engendered by mental contact, unpleasant vedayitas: this, bhikkhus, is called domanassa. And what, bhikkhus, is despair? In one, bhikkhus, associated with various kinds of misfortune, touched by various kinds of dukkha dhammas , the trouble, the despair, the state of being in trouble, the state of being in despair: this, bhikkhus, is called despair.

And what, bhikkhus, is the dukkha of being associated with what is disagreeable? Here, as to the forms, sounds, tastes, odors, bodily phenomena and mental phenomena there are which are unpleasing, not enjoyable, unpleasant, or else those who desire one's disadvantage, those who desire one's loss, those who desire one's discomfort, those who desire one's non-liberation from attachment, meeting, being associated, being together, encountering them: this, bhikkhus, is called the dukkha of being associated with what is disagreeable.

Katamo ca , bhikkhave , piyehi vippayogo dukkho? And what, bhikkhus, is the dukkha of being dissociated from what is agreeable? Here, as to the forms, sounds, tastes, odors, bodily phenomena and mental phenomena there are which are pleasing, enjoyable, pleasant, or else those who desire one's advantage, those who desire one's benefit, those who desire one's comfort, those who desire one's liberation from attachment, not meeting, not being associated, not being together, not encountering them: this, bhikkhus, is called the dukkha of being dissociated from what is agreeable.

And what, bhikkhus, is the dukkha of not getting what one wants? This is the dukkha of not getting what one wants. In beings, bhikkhus, having the characteristic of getting sick, such a wish arises: "oh really, may there not be sickness for us, and really, may we not come to sickness.

In beings, bhikkhus, having the characteristic of sorrow, lamentation, dukkha , domanassa and distress, such a wish arises: "oh really, may there not be sorrow, lamentation, dukkha , domanassa and distress for us, and really, may we not come to sorrow, lamentation, dukkha , domanassa and distress.

This is called, bhikkhus, the dukkha ariyasacca. And what, bhikkhus, is the dukkha-samudaya ariyasacca? And what in the world is pleasant and agreeable? Let alone seven years, bhikkhus. Let alone six years, bhikkhus. Let alone five years, bhikkhus. Let alone four years, bhikkhus. Let alone three years, bhikkhus.

Let alone two years, bhikkhus. Let alone one year, bhikkhus. Let alone seven months, bhikkhus. Let alone six months, bhikkhus. Let alone five months, bhikkhus. Let alone four months, bhikkhus. Let alone three months, bhikkhus.

Let alone two months, bhikkhus. Let alone one month, bhikkhus. Let alone half a month, bhikkhus. It is very important because it will be repeated over 20 times, and also because it is the central part explaining how sati is actually made present.

Here are a few alternate renderings:. VRI : "Now his awareness is established: "This is body! Bhante Analayo : "Or else mindfulness that 'There is a body' is established in him to the extent of bare knowledge and remembrance of it". Nyanasatta Thera : "Or his mindfulness is established with the thought: "The body exists," to the extent necessary just for knowledge and mindfulness.

Soma Thera : "Or indeed his mindfulness is established with the thought: 'The body exists,' to the extent necessary just for knowledge and remembrance". Maurice Walshe : "Or else, mindfulness that "there is a body" is present to him just to the extent necessary for the knowledge and awareness.

Navasivathika Pabba II. Maggasacca Niddesa. English Introduction I. Section on the nine charnel grounds II. Observation of Citta IV. Exposition of Maggasacca. Introduction Thus have I heard:. Section on postures Furthermore, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu, while walking, understands: 'I am walking', or while standing he understands: 'I am standing', or while sitting he understands: 'I am sitting', or while lying down he understands: 'I am lying down'.

Observation of Citta And furthermore, bhikkhus, how does a bhikkhu dwell observing citta in citta? Observation of Dhammas A. Section on the Khandhas And furthermore, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu dwells observing dhammas in dhammas with reference to the five khandhas. Exposition of Dukkhasacca And what, bhikkhus, is the dukkha ariyasacca? Exposition of Samudayasacca And what, bhikkhus, is the dukkha-samudaya ariyasacca?

Exposition of Nirodhasacca And what, bhikkhus, is the dukkha-samudaya ariyasacca? Note 1. Any copies or derivatives of this work must cite their original source.

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VIPASSANA PRODUCTS

While elements of the Satipathana sutta can be found in the Samyutta Nikaya and the Samyukta Nigama, which belong to the oldest strata of the Buddhist suttas, the elaborate Maha Satipatthana Sutta exists only in the Theravada Digha Nikaya. Bhante Sujato postulates that the sutta was compiled from elements from other suttas as late as 20 BCE. These passages on mindfulness are treated as the first element in the 37 wings to awakening. The sutta then gives an overview of Buddhist practices, under these four headings:. According to Bhante Sujato, it seems to emphasize samatha or calm abiding, while the Theravadin version emphasizes Vipassana or insight. It only outlines specific practices for the contemplation of the body, the other three satipatthanas are simply enumerated. Various practices lead to the development of the factors of awakening , which are not only the means to, but also the constituents of awakening.

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Translator's Introduction

There, he addressed the bhikkhus:. Which four? Being thus sato he breathes in, being thus sato he breathes out. Furthermore, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu, while walking, understands: 'I am walking', or while standing he understands: 'I am standing', or while sitting he understands: 'I am sitting', or while lying down he understands: 'I am lying down'. Just as if, bhikkhus, there was a bag having two openings and filled with various kinds of grain, such as hill-paddy, paddy, mung beans, cow-peas, sesame seeds and husked rice.

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Satipatthana Sutta

There the Bhagava addressed the bhikkhus, saying: "O Bhikkhus," and they replied to him, "Venerable Sir. That [6] is the practice of the four methods of Steadfast Mindfulness. What are the four? The bhikkhu keeps his mind steadfastly on sensation, [13] with diligence, comprehension and mindfulness, thus keeping away covetousness and distress. The bhikkhu concentrates steadfastly on the mind, [14] with diligence, comprehension and mindfulness, thus keeping away covetousness and distress. The bhikkhu keeps his mind steadfastly on the dhamma [15] with diligence, comprehension and mindfulness, thus keeping away covetousness and distress. Bhikkhus, how does the bhikkhu keep his mind steadfastly on the body?

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